What is rice transplanting?
Transplanting is the most common and elaborative method of crop establishment for rice in Asia. Rice seedlings grown in a nursery are pulled and transplanted into puddled and leveled fields 15 to 40 days after seeding (DAS). Rice seedlings can either be transplanted manually or by machine. This is done in order to get higher yields and less weeding. Broadcasting of seedlings is also practiced in some parts of China.
What is manual transplanting?
Manual transplanting does not require costly machines and is most suited for labor-surplus areas and for small rice fields. Manual transplanting can be done in fields with less than optimal leveling and with varying water levels. Seedlings are raised in a wet, dry, or modified mat nursery. Proper nursery management will produce healthy and vigorous seedlings.
Why transplant rice?
Transplanting ensures a uniform plant stand and gives the rice crop a head start over emerging weeds. Further, seedlings are established even if the field is not leveled adequately and has variable water levels. Transplanting may also allow crop intensification as the crop is in the main field for less time.
How to transplant rice manually?
Developed with input from MA Bell, V Balasubramanian, and JF Rickman